7-5-3-1 Rule for Equity SIP


  • It believed that equity markets usually do well over 7+ year timeframes and this has been proven with the usage from historical data.
  • When you invest with a 1 year timeframe, in the past 22+ years, the Nifty 50 TRI has delivered over 10% annualized returns just 58% of the times.
  • Chances improve to 80% for more than over 10% realized returns within a 7 year time frame.
  • Best part is that there are no instances of negative returns for investment period of 7 year time frame.
  • In worst case, annual returns were >5% when invested for 7 years.

Source: MFI, FundsIndia Research. As on 30-Apr-22. Nifty 50 TRI Inception date: 30-Jun-99.

  • The above illustration for lump sum investment also applies to Equity SIP. In fact in case of SIP because of Rupee Cost averaging returns are far in excess, i.e., minimum 7% CAGR, as shown below
  • Therefore, best Equity SIP investments should be for at least 7 years, i.e., 84 instalments in case of monthly SIP.


  • Different investment styles, market cap segments and geographies do well during different market phases.
  • Hence it becomes important to diversify across them.
  • Unique equity portfolio construction strategy ‘5 Finger Framework’ has been built keeping this in mind.
  • 5 Finger Framework aims to deliver consistent outperformance with lower downsides over longer timeframes.
  • The portfolio should be diversified across different investment styles like
    • Quality,
    • Value,
    • Focus
    • Growth at Reasonable Price,
    • Large Cap
    • Mid Cap
    • Small Cap.
  • In the last 10 years, the 5 Finger Portfolio has outperformed the Nifty 50 TRI by 4% on an annualized basis.
  • The 5 Finger Framework historically has provided:
    • Consistent Performance:
      • In all 5 year periods, the 5 Finger Strategy has outperformed the Nifty 50 TRI 100% of the times
      • 85% of the times, the 5 year outperformance has been more than 3%!
    • Lower Downsides


  • Equity markets have historically provided superior returns over longer time frames.
  • The real challenge is to survive the three temporary but inevitable phases of failure that happen during the initial years, most likely in the first 5 years of equity investing.
    • The Disappointment Phase
      • The phase where the returns are subpar (7-10%)
    • The Irritation Phase
      • The phase where the returns are much lower than our expectations (0-7%)
    • The Panic Phase
      • The phase where the returns are negative (below 0%)
  • These phases happen as a result of equity market volatility.
  • In the last 42+ years of Indian market history it has been shown that
    • Temporary market falls of 10-20% happen almost every year and
    • 30-60% falls can be expected once every 7-10 years.
  • The initial years of investing journey can be very difficult as intermittent market falls lead to a sharp dip in equity returns – resulting in phases of
    • disappointment,
    • irritation and
    • panic.
  • Though such phases cannot be avoided but always remember that these falls are temporary in nature.
  • Historically, the equity markets have always recovered and the returns improved significantly in the next 1-3 years after the great falls, rise of 2020 and 2009 are recent example.
  • See, historical data of NIFTY 50 TRI for SIP returns.
  • For 7 year investment horizon, there is no panic zone for returns below zero.


  • Even a small increase in your Equity SIP amount every year can make a huge difference to your final portfolio value over the long run.
  • An increase in SIP amount every year helps you to
    • Reach your financial goals faster
    • Expand your financial goals
  • Over a 20 year period, your portfolio value when you increase your SIP every year by 10% is almost twice the original portfolio with a constant SIP amount every year!
  • Here is a table which shows the difference in final portfolio values across different time frames for different % of annual increase in SIP amount

Thus following 7-5-3-1 rule, you are sure to make significant wealth with your equity investment through SIP.


  1. Kuntal - Reply

    Great insights based on solid research supported by graphs. Easy to comprehend tips. Makes sense to even beginners in investment like me.

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